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The Transition to CommunityPolicing. Identify and explain threedifferences between traditional and community policing philosophies.What historical perspectives have influenced the transition from traditionalpolicing to community policing within many departments across the country? Whatimpact did this transition have with regard to law enforcement administrationand management? Your initial post should be at least 250-300 words in length.Support your claims with examples from required material(s) and/or otherscholarly resources, and properly cite any references. Respond to at least twoof your classmates’ posts by Day 7.

Textbook

Oliver, W. (2008). Community-orientedpolicing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River,NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

To successfully complete this week’sassignments, read the following chapters from the text, Community-OrientedPolicing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:

a. Chapter One – The Evolution of Community-Oriented Policing

b. Chapter Two – Community-Oriented Policing Defined

c. Chapter Six – ImplementingCommunity-Oriented Policing

Differences between communitypolicing and traditional policing is a long-term process which has involvedfundamental institutional changes. Traditional policing differed from communitypolicing in that it focused more on solving and fighting crimes with the otherfocusing more on problem-solving approaches. Their efficiency was measured interms of detection and arrest rates as opposed to the absence of crimes andpublic disorder in community policing (Oliver, 2008). Traditional policingpolicies focused more on high priorities which were crimes that had high valuesuch as bank crimes, and those involving violence. On the other hand, communitypolicing is concerned with crimes that disturb the community most.

  Community policing guarantees an expansion of theprofessional role which will be tempting to many police officers. It will also require testingwith extensive changes in the way in which officers & their departmentsthink about & organize their work. A successful transition to communitypolicing requires essential changes both in the way officers are encouraged tothink about their work & in the way that work is organized &facilitated by administrative superiors. Because changes in philosophy &organization are key elements in the transition to community policing, it isappropriate to start to evaluate these efforts by focusing on the subjectiveorientation of participating officers.

Community based policing hasemerged as a dominant direction for thinking about police practice. It wasdesigned to reunite the police with the community and enable the accomplishmentof crime control by the police. It has been applied variously by policedepartments and has differed according to the needs of communities, politicsand resources available. Its transformation therefore has gone beyond merepolice-community relation programs attempting to address crime controls throughpartnering with communities.

This transformation hasinvolved institutional change over time by going beyond implementation ofneighborhood patrols for example. It therefore defines roles of an officer onthe beat, from that of a crime fighter to a problem solver. The transformationhas seen entire departments decentralized in their structures and infusion ofchanges in the management and administration styles in areas like recruitment,training, evaluation, reward system, career progression, operations, patrollingand related activities (Innes, 2010).

  All these have impacted positively with the two sidesworking together in identification of problems affecting communities andformulating solutions. This has seen a radical departure from the traditionalera of “professionalism” in policing where the police claimed monopoly of crimecontrol responsibility discouraging involvement of the citizenly in policematters.

References

Oliver, W.(2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing(4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13:978-0-13-158987-2

Innes, M. 2010. “What’s YourProblem? Signal Crimes And Citizen-Focused Problem

Solving.” Criminology& Public Policy 4(2).

Our instructor wants us to usesomething from our readings so he knows we read it, which I did. He also wantsus to proofread, and let him know were we answered the questions in ourdiscussion

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