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Police-CommunityRelations vs. Community-Oriented Policing

WEEK 1 DISCUSSION 2

He wants us to put something in the text to let himknow we read the chapters of which I did. Also wants us to proofread ourdiscussion thanks

In reviewing the text, thoroughly explain thedifferences between community-oriented policing and police-communityrelations. How do police-community relations interact or associate withcommunity-oriented policing? How did the philosophical or theoretical changeshappen over time?   

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support yourclaims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

In order to successfully complete this week’sassignments, read the following chapters from the text, Community-OrientedPolicing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:

  • ChapterOne – The Evolution of Community-Oriented Policing

  • ChapterTwo – Community-Oriented Policing Defined

  • ChapterSix – Implementing Community-Oriented Policing

     Required Text

    Oliver, W. (2008). Community-oriented policing:A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

    Thetraditional policing style involved keeping public order and peace, enforcementof laws, making arrests and offering short term solutions to recurringproblems. Differences between the two methods are to be found in the long-termprocess as it involves fundamental institutional changes. The main differencebetween the two is that community-oriented policing is a new philosophy basedon the concept that the Police as well as citizens work together to find creativeways of tackling contemporary crime related problems, social and physicaldisorder, and general neighborhood welfare (Oliver, 2008).

      On the other hand, police-communityrelations is about community members and the police becoming proactive partnersin community problem-solving, building relationships of respect, cooperation,and trust within and between the two, among a raft of others cooperationissues.

      The two policies interact with the serviceoriented policing promoting concepts of the community as clients, and policeacting as providers. The objective is partnering in determining community needsand policing priorities and police accountability and effectiveness.

      Community policing exists as aphilosophy, set of tactics, and as an organizational phenomenon. It aims atcreating a connection between the police and the citizenry working together onsafety involving the public in a given community set up. The design involvescommunity policing entailing a more open relationship between the police andpublic giving the police a more proactive role in the community (Thomas &Burns, 2010). It redefines the role of officers on the street for example fromcrime fighters to problem solvers and neighborhood ombudsman. This is acultural transformation of the entire police set up from the traditional policyas it was known.

     Reference

    Oliver,W. (2008). Community-oriented policing: A systematic approach to policing (4thed.).   Upper Saddle River, NJ:Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

    Burns,P. F., & Thomas M., O. 2005. “Repairing the Divide: An Investigation ofCommunity

    Policingand Citizen Attitudes Toward the Police by Race and Ethnicity.” Journal ofEthnicity in

      Criminal Justice 3(1/2).

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