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Based on the textbook readings, explain the differences between strategicand neighborhood-oriented policing. What are the significant advantages anddisadvantages of each with regard to the law enforcement administrator’sperspective?
Strategic oriented policing is an important part of community policing. It has had several other names such as broken windows policing and zerotolerance policing. Strategic oriented policing is where communitypolicing begins and it allows for a better transition from traditionalpolicing. Strategic oriented policing looks for opportunities in thecommunity, as an example, a run down building that is vacant and in poorrepair. They focus their attention on policing this area, eliminating thehazard and thus eliminating the criminal element. This is done with apartnership with the community and advising them on what they need to do in theprocess of making their community safer (Oliver, 2008).
Neighborhood oriented policing is another part of community oriented policingand is considered by some to be the core concept. This concept is taskedwith bringing the community and the police department together. Neighborhood oriented policing deals with the specific programs that bring thepolice department into the community. This could be the patrols, whichtype and how many to developing programs to involve the department with thecommunity (Oliver, 2008). Neighborhood oriented policing issometimes mislabeled as community policing because of the nature of it’s tasks.
From an administrator’s point of view, the advantages of the strategic orientedpolicing is that you gain buy in or ownership from the community on improvingtheir neighborhoods. There are only so many officers that can be staffedand so many patrols so the community members must take some ownership of theprocess. With pinpoint focus, they department and community can focus onan area or problem site and work together to eliminate the issue, which in turnreduces crime. That is what administrators want from their policedepartment.
The advantages from the neighborhood oriented policing strategy are that yourdepartment’s public relations rating is usually strong and positive. Italso aligns the citizens and the department on the same team to fight crime andput confidence back in the community. The more the department is immersedin the community, the easier communication flows and partnerships develop thatcan benefit both sides.
Oliver, W. (2008). Community OrientedPolicing A Sytematic Approach To Policing. New Jersey: Pearson Education Company.
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