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Question Description

Required Text

Oliver, W. (2008). Community-orientedpolicing: A systematic approach to policing (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River,NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN 13: 978-0-13-158987-2

  1. In order to successfullycomplete this week’s assignments, read the following chapters from thetext, Community-Oriented Policing: A Systematic Approach to Policing:
  • Chapter Seven  –Organization and Management
  • Chapter Eight – The Role ofthe Police
  • Chapter Nine – The role ofthe Community

MaximizingCommunity Involvement

In reviewing “Community Involvement: The Ultimate Force Multiplier,” thoroughlydiscuss and explain three areas where community involvement hasbeen identified as the key to the success of the department or agency. In youropinion, what is the key component in securing the desired level of commitmentfrom the community? Why?  

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support yourclaims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

Articlecitation

Gaylord, A.(2008, April). Community involvement: The ultimate force multiplier. FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin, 77(4),16-17. doi: 1472519861

16 / FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin

he events of September 11, 2001,dramati-

cally changed the way Americanslive. It

Community Involvement

The Ultimate Force Multiplier

By Arlene A. Gaylord, M.A.

Perspective

San Diego’s Initiative

The FBI’s San Diego offi

ce has made build-

ing law enforcement-communitypartnerships a

cornerstone in its investigative andpreventative

counterterrorism efforts. SinceApril 2004, the

offi

ce has offered a training programfor citizens.

It has shared a 1½-hour course withcommunity

forums, private companies, andNeighborhood

W

atch groups throughout San DiegoCounty and

several other neighboringjurisdictions. The prem-

ise of this training is simple: abrief overview of

terrorism that teaches communitymembers not

only how to recognize preincidentindicators (PIIs)

and suspicious activity but also howto provide an

accurate report to the appropriatelaw enforcement

agency in a timely fashion.

To

help other law enforcementorganizations

develop a similar effort, the authorpresents the

formula that has proven successfulin San Diego.

T

also drastically altered how lawenforcement

organizations conduct business.Since that tragic

day, local, state, federal, andtribal agencies have

worked and trained together, havingrecognized

the major shift in the roles andresponsibilities

of the law enforcement professionthroughout

the United States. Now that lawenforcement of-

fi

cers have received terrorismtraining, they need

to share this knowledge with themembers of the

communities they protect and serve.Educating the

public to recognize suspiciousactivities that could

possibly relate to terrorism maywell comprise

the ultimate force multiplier. Afterall, no locality

has the luxury of having an offi

cer on every street

corner. Therefore, involvingcitizens is essential

to effectively combat terrorism. Whobetter than

someone living in a neighborhood orworking in a

business district to recognize whattruly is happen-

ing in that area?

As an example, Neighborhood Watchpro-

grams have succeeded in making manycommuni-

ties across the nation safer.

1

The program enlists

the active participation of citizensin cooperation

with the agencies that police themin an effort to

reduce crime. This time-testedformula has proven

instrumental in riddingneighborhoods of different

types of crime problems, such asgangs, prostitu-

tion, and drugs. This concept couldbe expanded

to include offering appropriatetraining regarding

terrorism and, thereby, equippingresidents with

the knowledge necessary toeffectively identify

suspicious activities that possiblycould relate to

terrorism.

Ms. Gaylord serves as

an intelligence analyst

in the FBI’s San Diego,

California, offi ce.

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April 2008 / 17

First, agencies should identifyemployees who not

only care greatly about educatingthe community

but also have established themselvesas effective

trainers. Next, they should armthese individuals

with the knowledge needed and givethem suffi

cient time to go out into thecommunity and teach

a basic overview course onterrorism. Although

specifi

c items to cover in this trainingcan vary by

jurisdiction, four basic compo-

nents have worked effectively

in San Diego.

1) A brief historical overview

of terrorism, both interna-

tional and domestic

2) A review of terrorism PIIs

that members of the

community may be in the

position to observe

3) A discussion on the impor-

tance of providing infor-

mation that not only is

accurate but also timely

4) An explanation of appropriatereporting pro-

cedures, including instructions onwho should

receive the information

This type of training requires fewresources.

Most of all, it needs instructorswho feel passion-

ately about building lawenforcement-community

partnerships and who areapproachable, knowl-

edgeable, and enthusiastic about thesubject. Who

should receive the training willdepend on the

jurisdiction. For example, San Diegohas offered

the training to community groups thatrequest

it and has proactively contactedspecial interest

groups, such as shopping mallsecurity companies

(supplying training specifi

c to basic terrorism and

suicide-bomber prevention) andbusinesses that

provide security services toconstruction sites

(conducting training regardingrecent arson tactics

used by domestic terrorists againstconstruction

sites).

Agencies lacking enough swornpersonnel to

cover the time necessary to addresscommunity

groups can turn to professionalsupport employees

or volunteers who have theappropriate skills and

knowledge to provide this criticaltraining. To

this end, the California Commissionon Peace Of-

fi

cer Standards and Training

developed a train-the-trainer

class and offered it to inter-

ested individuals, including

terrorism liaison and commu-

nity services offi

cers and other

employees nominated by their

departments.

Conclusion

It is time to include the

community in law enforce-

ment’s battle against the threat

of terrorism. The profession

must work to train residents to

become its eyes and ears becauseoffi

cers simply

cannot do it alone. Citizens need toknow what to

look for and how to effectivelyreport it to the ap-

propriate agency.

Building law enforcement-communitypartner-

ships can constitute the ultimateforce multiplier.

Education and training offered bylaw enforce-

ment agencies to the communitiesthey protect

and serve could lead to a tip thatmight identify a

critical player in a terrorist celland provide law

enforcement with the opportunity todisrupt, deter,

or stop the next egregious attack onAmerican

soil.

Endnotes

1

For additional information, access

http://www.usaonwatch.

org

.

Educating the public

to recognize suspicious

activities that could

possibly relate to

terrorism may well

comprise the ultimate

force multiplier.

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MaximizingCommunity Involvement

In reviewing “Community Involvement: The Ultimate Force Multiplier,” thoroughlydiscuss and explain three areas where community involvement hasbeen identified as the key to the success of the department or agency. In youropinion, what is the key component in securing the desired level of commitmentfrom the community? Why?  

Your initial response should be 250-300 words in length. Please support yourclaims with examples from the text and/or scholarly articles.

Important you need to read thearticle list references answer all questions thanks I have posted the articlebelow

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