[Get Answer ]-Writing Need Help Please 222
Homeland Security and Policing
Write a response to the following prompt:
- What are the six main officervulnerability issues when dealing with homeland security/confrontingterrorists? Why are these issues a problem in terms of safety of theofficer?
- List the initial steps that should be taken whenresponding to a terrorist or major event and how can COPPSassist in these situations either before, during, or after the event?
Your initial post should be at least 250 words in length.Support your claims with examples from required material(s), and properly citeany references.
Policeofficers confronting terrorists in the United States now find themselvesvulnerable in six types of situations (Garrett, 2002):
1. Traffic stops: Law enforcement lacks priorknowledge of the individual being stopped; the officer may be isolated and thepotential terrorist may be in a heightened state of suspicion or anger as aresult of the stop.
2. Residence visits: Officers are on theextremists’ home turf, putting them at a disadvantage; the visit may beroutine, but the extremist may not view it as such, and the home may be armedand fortified.
3. Rallies/marches: The risk to policeusually comes not from the group holding the event, but from protestors, oftenanarchists who hate the police and believe that the best way to confront thedemonstrators is through physical violence.
4. Confrontations/standoffs: All suchincidents can arise from the three previous situations.
5. Revenge and retaliation: A terrorist maybe motivated by personal benefit or revenge, such as one who attempts to blowup an Internal Revenue Service office because he was audited.
6. Incident responses: These can take manyforms, ranging from activities of terrorists to acts of nature. (Peak, Gaines,& Glensor, 2010. p.395).
Peak, K., Gaines,L. & Glensor, R. (2010). Policesupervision and management in an era of community policing (3rded.) Upper saddle, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 9780135154663
Whenconfronting or dealing with homeland security and confronting terrorists,police officers face with vulnerability issues that then becomes a problem interms of safety of the officers themselves. The officers have continuallyfought about these vulnerabilities, which have continued to affect the way theway they perform their duties effectively.
The firstvulnerability concerns the human rights; it is a difficulty in implementingcounter terrorist measures since it may affect civil liberties and individualprivacy. Officers may face legal charges when found to have infringed somehuman rights in the process of offering security. In some cases of terrorism,the officers uses preemptive neutralization which include capturing, killing ordisabling suspected terrorists before amounting attack which becomes a breachof the rights.
The officersare vulnerable to leaking information to suspects when interrogating them. Thisinformation may increase their vulnerability and used by suspect to enhance thecrimes. The other vulnerability comes because of management in cases ofterrorism and counter terrorism. In such cases, officers responding to a crimefrom different department are prone to misunderstanding and poor control(Bennett, 2010). The officers arevulnerable to fatalities as they may face attack from the criminals. They alsoface physiological effects due to exposure to actions that might be beyondtheir comprehensions. All this vulnerabilities may result to affecting theofficers’ productiveness of the officers.
The first stepis to identify potential emergency scenario that will help enable to determinethe requirements. The second step is stabilization of the incident to minimizepotential damage. The other step is protecting the victims as much as possible.COPPS has the responsibility to offer information on potential threats,information on terrorist and help in providing evidence to criminate thesuspects(Spalek, 2013).
Bennett, P. (2010). Risk communication and public health.Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Spalek, B. (2013). Terror crime prevention with communities.
Peak, K., Gaines, L. &Glensor, R. (2010). Police supervision andmanagement in an era of community policing (3rd ed.) Upper saddle,NJ: Pearson Education, Inc. ISBN: 9780135154663