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Question Description

Religion andCriminal Justice

  • What is the difference between Absolute Divine CommandTheory and Moderate Divine Command Theory?

In absolute divine command theory,God commands ethics and determines what is good and bad because he says so.There is no other consideration for right and wrong, it is simply what God hassaid and any belief otherwise is a departure from that particular deity. Tobelieve in absolute divine theory is to believe in a particular deity, and theworld has more than 2,000 known religions. A moderate divine command theorywould suggest that a deity’s rule would be beneficial to all and not just thatparticular religion. So, regardless of the deity’s rule, the rule is goodbecause it is good for all.

  • What role should religion play in the making of law andpolicy in criminal justice? Why?

Religious rules and laws have thesame effect, essentially both aim to punish behavior that each have determinedto be bad or unethical. Since they both work on the reward and punishmentsystem they both ignore developing a persons understanding of the why suchrules or laws are wrong. They seek to establish social control through the useof fear.

  • In what ways might religion be used in rehabilitativepractices? Why should it be used or why should it not be used?

One aspect of using religion inrehabilitative practices is to encourage an omniscient presence of being caughtand having to be punished by a supreme being (deity) for sinning or breaking acommandment (rule or law). Society’s laws are easily ignored since most of thetime people are not caught for violating those laws and when they do,punishment is very lenient.  Therefore deterrence has little to no effecton repeat offenders because they have made up their minds that they can endurewhatever punishment the system turns out.

Our Required Text

Williams, C. R., &Arriago, B. A. (2012). Ethics, crime, and criminal justice (2nd ed.).Upper Saddle, NJ: Pearson Education, Inc.

need to tell the good and bad of post, list references

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