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Police-CommunityRelations vs. Community-Oriented Policing

In reviewing the text, thoroughly explain the differences between community-orientedpolicing and police-community relations. How do police-communityrelations interact or associate with community-oriented policing? How did thephilosophical or theoretical changes happen over time?   

Thepublic era of cooperation with the community went through some changes duringthe 1930’s to the 1960’s.  Police departments became more isolated fromthe public and were not as involved in the community.  They would respondto criminal activity but they did not intermingle with the public (Oliver, 2008).  From 1960 to 1985 police departments created thepolice community relations which meant that the departments would still respondto criminal activity as usual but now they would have more in depth contactwith the public  (Oliver, 2008).

 After the mid 80’s police community relations began to change to what is nowcommunity oriented policing.  This is where the programs adopted by thedepartment are then intermingled with the public.  An example would be tohost a crime prevention fair or carnival.  This would allow for thecommunity to see the policeman in a different view than just driving around ina squad car.  Programs such as these would grow the participation of thecommunity; build trust from the community towards the officers and thedepartment.  It would also take the fear of crime out of the citizen’slives, as they police became an actual member of their community.

 The changes in philosophy happened over time as the conditions of thecommunities changed.  Departments recognized that they were more effectivewhen they were accepted within the community rather than just being located inthe community.  The benefits of winning over the public and actuallybecoming part of their lives in the community would render many benefits. This would allow for better communities to live in, more effective policedepartments and an all around better place to live.

References

Oliver,W. (2008). Community Oriented Policing A Sytematic Approach To Policing.New Jersey: PearsonEducation Company.Just need to tell the good and bad of post, list references I usually use two thanks

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